Stage 4 Cervical Cancer Survival Rate, Factors - A Brief Discussion
Nov 02,2023 | YILING
How is the stage 4 cervical cancer survival rate? When you receive the devastating diagnosis of cervical cancer, fear, anxiety, and helplessness often overwhelm you. You might wonder how long you have left in this world. This is one of the most pressing concerns for most cancer patients upon diagnosis.
But what is cancer staging, and how is the stage 4 cervical cancer survival rate? In this article, we'll explore these questions in detail.
What is Cancer Staging?
Malignant tumors have the inherent characteristics of unrestricted growth, infiltration, and metastasis. After clinical and pathological diagnosis, oncologists also need to quantitatively assess the extent of tumor invasion, whether the tumor has spread, which parts are affected, and the size of each lesion, as well as whether it impairs the function of relevant organs. This evaluation process is what determines the cancer stage that we often hear about.
Based on the extent of cancer progression, cancer is typically divided into five stages, ranging from Stage 0 to Stage IV.
- Stage 0: Cancer cells are attached to the mucosa (or in the epithelial cells) and have not yet spread or metastasized to the lymph nodes.
- Stage I: Cancer cells have undergone minimal spreading, extending into the muscle layer but not yet reaching the lymph nodes.
- Stage II: While cancer cells have not spread to the lymph nodes, they have infiltrated beyond the muscle layer. Alternatively, the tumor hasn't spread, but a few cancer cells have migrated to the lymph nodes.
- Stage III: Cancer cells have caused tumor infiltration and have spread to the lymph nodes.
- Stage IV (Metastasis): Tumor cells have initially surpassed the primary site and have spread to other organs, including distant metastasis.
How is the stage 4 cervical cancer survival rate?
According to the 2020 statistics from the National Cancer Center in Japan, the five-year survival rates for cervical cancer are as follows: Stage I – 93.7%, Stage II – 80.3%, Stage III – 66%, and Stage IV – 25.4%. As you can see, as cancer metastasis deepens, the survival rate decreases. Therefore, timely intervention is crucial for cervical cancer patients.
Even in Stage IV, cervical cancer still has a 25% survival probability, so at any point, hope should never be abandoned.
Factours Influencing Cervical Cancer Survival Rate
- Related to Cervical Cancer Type and Clinical Staging: Cervical cancer comes in several types, primarily squamous cell carcinoma, adenocarcinoma, and Aden squamous carcinoma. Different subtypes respond differently to treatment. In general, squamous cell carcinoma is more sensitive to radiation therapy, meaning it has a slightly better prognosis than adenocarcinoma. Therefore, the type of cervical cancer plays a role in determining the length of survival.
Additionally, the stage at which cervical cancer is diagnosed impacts the patient's prognosis. Cervical cancer can be classified as early stage (Stage I), mid-stage (Stage II), mid-late stage (Stage III), and advanced stage (Stage IV). Typically, the later the stage, the lower the survival rate.
- Related to Patient's Mindset: Many patients, upon hearing the word 'cancer,' become extremely anxious and are constantly in a state of worry and anxiety. Such emotional turmoil can adversely affect the patient's physical well-being, potentially shortening their survival. Therefore, to extend survival, it is essential to control emotions reasonably.
- Related to Time of Treatment: It is important to participate fully in treatment following the diagnosis of cancer. The same also goes for the length of survival. Some people, for different reasons, postpone their treatment as soon they find that they have cancer. In addition, you need to perceive that even as we’re still considering whether to have a treatment, the tumor still develops. The treatment’s effectiveness declines as the clinical stage develops.
Other than surgery, we have proven drugs that we may administer for the shrinking of a tumor. This Chinese medicine, Yangzheng Xiaoji Capsules is proven empirically by modern scientific standards as it blocks cell division in tumors and consequently starves them off inhibiting tumor angiogenic thereby delaying metastasis as well as enhancing the quality of life among late cancer patients. This drug may offer relief of pain among patients who are disposed towards conservative treatment.
- Other Factors: Age, general health, and strength of the immune system are just some factors that affect how long one survives with cervical cancer.
Thus, the cervical cancer-specific survival rate is person-dependent depending on individual circumstances.
In conclusion, after being diagnosed with cervical cancer, it is essential to face the illness head-on, maintain a positive attitude, and actively seek proper treatment under the guidance of medical professionals, which is the key to ensuring a long and healthy life, regardless of the stage of cancer.