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Heart Failure Simple Nursing: 8 Ways to Care for Chronic Heart Failure

Nov 01,2023 | YILING

Are you looking for heart failure simple nursing methods? When we or our family members are diagnosed with this condition, we may feel overwhelmed. What is heart failure? How is it treated? Read this article to find answers.


What is Heart Failure?

The term “heart failure” indicates a situation in which the functioning of the heart to pump blood is impaired as a result of abnormalities in the contracture or relaxation of the heart. As a result, there is a decreased ejection of venous return from the heart which leads to a syndrome of circulatory disturbances with features which include pulmonary congestion and inferior vena cava congestion. Heart failure does not stand alone as a disease on itself, but rather, it is the last condition that comes after the development of heart disease. Generally, heart failure is initiated by left heart failure that manifests itself in form of pulmonary circulatory congestion.


The onset may either be fast or gradual leading to a division of heart failure between an acute heart failure and a chronic heart failure.


Acute heart failure is mostly caused by severe heart injury following an overloading of the heart that had abnormal cardiac function and therefore failed suddenly. The most common presentation is that of acute left heart failure with acute pulmonary oedema.


Chronic heart failure arises slowly, often associated with left ventricular hypertrophic dilatation. On occasion, other compensatory measures may lead to some cases of chronic heart failure. Chronic heart failure is commonly associated with chronic conditions such as coronary artery disease, heart valve disease, and hypertension. Shortness of breath is a symptom with frequent occurrence during this disease in which some patients also have edema and general weakness. However, the outlook for this particular form of congestive heart failure is largely predictable and controllable, posing fewer challenges in terms of therapy.


How to Perform Heart Failure Simple Nursing?

Patients with acute heart failure need emergency medical care. Acute heart failure in itself could be fatal if not corrected immediately. For any chest pain, difficulty in breathing, coughing, weak feeling, or dizziness as a symptom of acute heart failure, you need to call emergency services (for example, “911”) immediately for medical help.


Chronic heart failure is much more common. However, it is not a sudden or even fatal condition but still requires ongoing treatment and monitoring.


Here are some heart failure simple nursing methods for chronic patients:

  1. Follow your doctor's advice: Work closely with your doctor in developing and sticking to a treatment regimen including medicine, diet advice, and workout regime. Go for regular examinations to confirm if you are still okay.
  2. Control your weight: Chronic heart failure can be managed by maintaining a good body weight. Therefore, your doctor can also advise on limited sodium and water consumption if you wish to get rid of excess fluids that have accumulated in your body as well.
  3. Dietary management: Adhere to dietary guidelines provided by your physician or nutritionist, such as avoiding too much salt and increasing fiber and low-fat foods for good cardiovascular function.
  4. Restrict fluid intake: In order to avoid water intoxication, your doctor might urge you to restrict your daily fluid consumption.
  5. Exercise: Do moderate exercises such as those advised by your doctor for a strong heart and general body fitness. Activities such as going for a walk, cycling or swimming which are aerobic will assist in the strengthening of the heart.
  6. Regularly monitor vital signs: Ensure that you often weigh yourself as well as monitor the progression of other health parameters like blood pressure, heart rate, and symptoms if you suffer from chronic heart failure.
  7. Avoid triggers: You should also try to minimize exposure to triggers such as infections, too much alcohol, or intense workouts.
  8. Follow medication treatment: Make sure that you take your medication the way your physician directed it and avoid stopping any of them without first consulting with your healthcare provider. They may be in the form of diuretics, ACE inhibitors, or beta blockers.


Traditional Chinese medicine, or TCM, is becoming a new option for chronic heart failure patients. According to TCM, the pathogenesis of chronic heart failure involves the body being in a state of qi deficiency and blood stasis for an extended period, resulting in poor blood supply and overall organ dysfunction. Long-term use of Western medicine can lead to lowered blood pressure, slowed heart rate, and increased fatigue, and may not address the root cause of the problem. Qili Qiangxin Capsules offer both symptomatic and root-cause treatment for chronic heart failure, with substantial evidence of their safety and effectiveness.


In conclusion, appropriate treatment should be observed when it comes to CHF and AHF regardless of whether they are acute or chronic. It is crucial to provide prompt assistance since acute heart failure may have a fatal outcome. While chronic heart failure is not so acute, it entails continuous medical management, changes in lifestyle, and strict medication advice to follow.